Association of amyloid-β peptide with membrane surfaces monitored by solid state NMR
2002 (English)In: Physical Chemistry, Chemical Physics - PCCP, ISSN 1463-9076, Vol. 4, no 22, 5524-5530 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Amyloid-β peptide (Aβ), a key substance in Alzheimers disease (AD), is characterized by its abnormal folding into neurotoxic aggregates. Since Aβ comprises an extracellular and transmembrane domain, some of its neurotoxic actions might be exerted via interactions with neuronal membranes. Wideline and magic angle spinning 14N and 31P NMR have been used in combination with differential scanning calorimetry and circular dichroism spectroscopy to investigate the association between Aβ1–40 peptide and membranes with different electrostatic surface potentials. Calorimetric measurements showed that all membrane systems were in the liquid crystalline state at 308 K. Binding of Aβ1–40 at a 30 1 lipid/peptide ratio to membranes composed of neutral dimyristoyl-phosphatidylcholine (DMPC) and negatively charged dimyristoylphosphatidylglycerol (DMPG) at a 4 : 1 molar ratio is mainly driven electrostatically, reflected in characteristic changes of the isotropic 31P chemical shift values for both lipids. In addition, the average orientation of the choline headgroup of DMPC, with its electric P––N+(CH3)3 dipole, changed directly in response to the reduced negative membrane surface potential. The deviation in tilt angle of the PN vector relative to the membrane surface is manifested in the observed 14N NMR quadrupole splitting and can therefore be described semiquantitatively. Adding Aβ1–40 to membranes with nominal neutral surface charge, but composed of a ternary mixture of DMPC with DMPG and the cationic amphiphile didodecyldimethyl–ammonium bromide (DDAB) at a 3 : 1 : 1 molar ratio revealed surprisingly electrostatic interactions visible in the NMR spectra. Since Aβ1–40 does not bind to neutral DMPC bilayers a model is proposed, in which on a molecular level the charged residues of Aβ1–40 peptide can interact independently with lipid headgroups of various charges in these microscopically heterogeneous systems.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2002. Vol. 4, no 22, 5524-5530 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-5647DOI: 10.1039/b206351dOAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-5647DiVA: diva2:145232