Side differences in cerebrovascular accidents after cardiac surgery: a statistical analysis of neurologic symptoms and possible implications for anatomic mechanisms of aortic particle embolization.
2005 (English)In: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, ISSN 0022-5223, Vol. 129, no 3, 591-598 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
BACKGROUND: Aortic manipulation and particle embolization have been identified to cause cerebrovascular accidents in cardiac surgery. Recent data suggest that left-hemispheric cerebrovascular accident (right-sided symptoms) is more common, and this has been interpreted as being caused by aortic cannula stream jets. Our aim was to evaluate symptoms of cerebrovascular accident and side differences from a retrospective statistical analysis. METHODS: During a 2-year period, 2641 consecutive cardiac surgery cases were analyzed. Patients positive for cerebrovascular accident were extracted from a database designed to monitor clinical symptoms. A protocol was used to confirm symptom data with the correct diagnosis in patient records. Patients were subdivided into 3 groups: control, immediate cerebrovascular accident, and delayed cerebrovascular accident. RESULTS: Among pooled patients, immediate and delayed cerebrovascular accidents were 3.0% and 0.9%, respectively. The expected predisposing factors behind immediate cerebrovascular accidents were significant, although the type of operation affected this search. Aortic quality was a strong predictor ( P < .001). The rate of delayed cerebrovascular accident was unaffected by surgery group. Left-sided symptoms of immediate cerebrovascular accident were approximately twice as frequent ( P = .016) as on the contralateral side. This phenomenon was observed for pooled patients and for isolated coronary bypass procedures (n = 1882; P = .025). CONCLUSIONS: Immediate cerebrovascular accident and aortic calcifications are linked. The predominance of left-sided symptoms may suggest that aortic manipulation and anatomic mechanisms in the aortic arch are more likely to cause cerebrovascular accidents than effects from cannula stream jets.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2005. Vol. 129, no 3, 591-598 p.
Aged, Aortic Diseases/*epidemiology, Arteriosclerosis/*epidemiology, Cardiopulmonary Bypass, Coronary Artery Bypass, Female, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Retrospective Studies, Stroke/*epidemiology/physiopathology, Time Factors
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-6035DOI: 10.1016/j.jtcvs.2004.07.020PubMedID: 15746743OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-6035DiVA: diva2:145703