Tradition and Truth. Dilthey and Gadamer on the History of Philosophy
2006 (English)In: Lychnos, Vol. 71, 164-78 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
This paper deals with the views of the German philosophers Wilhelm Dilthey (1833-1911) and Hans-Georg Gadamer (1900-2002) on the study of philosophy’s history. Gadamer criticizes Dilthey for relating to the Western philosophical tradition as if it were an object of historical research lacking relevance to current concerns. Gadamer calls this approach to history historicism (Historismus). Indeed, Dilthey sometimes argued that metaphysical claims in the history of Western philosophy should not be understood in terms of how well (or badly) they capture their subject matters. Rather, they should be understood as unintended expressions (Ausdrücke) of their historical context. According to Gadamer, however, the history of philosophy should not be approached in this way. Gadamer agrees with historicism that thought depends upon its context. But he nevertheless holds that historicism mistakenly sees this dependence as a reason for ignoring philosophical claims to validity. In this paper the completeness of Gadamer’s account of Dilthey is questioned. It is argued that Dilthey did not always assume that the question of the subject matter and truth of historical texts is subordinate to the question of their contextual sources.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. Vol. 71, 164-78 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-6230OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-6230DiVA: diva2:145898