A Vibrio cholerae protease needed for killing of Caenorhabditis elegans has a role in protection from natural predator grazing
2006 (English)In: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, ISSN 0027-8424, E-ISSN 1091-6490, Vol. 103, no 24, 9280-9285 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Vibrio cholerae is the causal bacterium of the diarrheal disease cholera, and its growth and survival are thought to be curtailed by bacteriovorous predators, e.g., ciliates and flagellates. We explored Caenorhabditis elegans as a test organism after finding that V. cholerae can cause lethal infection of this nematode. By reverse genetics we identified an extracellular protease, the previously uncharacterized PrtV protein, as being necessary for killing. The killing effect is associated with the colonization of bacteria within the Caenorhabditis elegans intestine. We also show that PrtV is essential for V. cholerae in the bacterial survival from grazing by the flagellate Cafeteria roenbergensis and the ciliate Tetrahymena pyriformis. The PrtV protein appears to have an indirect role in the interaction of V. cholerae with mammalian host cells as judged from tests with tight monolayers of human intestinal epithelial cells. Our results demonstrate a key role for PrtV in V. cholerae interaction with grazing predators, and we establish Caenorhabditis elegans as a convenient organism for identification of V. cholerae factors involved in host interactions and environmental persistence.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. Vol. 103, no 24, 9280-9285 p.
Animals, Bacterial Proteins/genetics/metabolism, Biofilms, Caenorhabditis elegans/cytology/microbiology/physiology, Cell Communication, Cell Line; Tumor, Cholera Toxin/metabolism, Feeding Behavior, Fimbriae; Bacterial/metabolism, Humans, Interleukin-8/secretion, Intestines/cytology/microbiology, Peptide Hydrolases/genetics/metabolism, Predatory Behavior, Repressor Proteins/genetics/metabolism, Survival Rate, Trans-Activators/genetics/metabolism, Transcription Factors/genetics/metabolism, Vibrio cholerae/enzymology/genetics/pathogenicity
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-6243DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0601754103PubMedID: 16754867OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-6243DiVA: diva2:145912