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Cytotoxicity and bonding property of dental ceramics.
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Odontology, Dental Materials Science.
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Odontology, Dental Materials Science.
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2003 (English)In: Dental Materials, ISSN 0109-5641, E-ISSN 1879-0097, Vol. 19, no 6, 487-92 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objectives . Yttria partially stabilized zirconia (YPSZ) ceramic is suitable for dental and medical use because of its high fracture toughness and chemical durability. The purpose of this study was to estimate the cytotoxicity and bonding property of zirconia ceramic compared to other dental ceramics.

Methods . Eight commercial dental ceramics including Denzir (YPSZ) are used in this cytotoxicity test. The human gingival fibroblast (GF) cells were cultured using extraction solutions of ceramics. The cytotoxicity was estimated by two different methods. The bonding strength of Denzir was compared to Empress2 using zinc phosphate, glass ionomer, and adhesive resin cements. A brass plate was prepared with drilled tapered holes and ceramic specimens were prepared to fit the holes and bonded. The bonding strength was estimated by the punching test.

Results . No significant ( p>0.05) cytotoxicity was observed in all ceramic extractions. The two evaluation methods showed no significant differences. Denzir and Empress2 showed similar bonding strength with zinc phosphate or glass ionomer cement bonding. For both Empress2 and Denzir the glass ionomer cement showed significantly ( p<0.001) higher bonding strength compared to the zinc phosphate cement. Empress2 showed significantly higher bonding strength with adhesive resin cement. However, the Denzir showed lower bonding strength with adhesive resin cement.

Significance . No ceramic extractions showed any evidence of cytotoxicity. Therefore, the low in vitro cytotoxicity of ceramic extractions including Denzir was confirmed. Denzir showed a similar bonding strength to Empress2 with zinc phosphate or glass ionomer cement bonding with this testing method and lower bonding strength with adhesive resin cement than with Empress2.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2003. Vol. 19, no 6, 487-92 p.
Keyword [en]
Zirconia, Ceramics, Cytotoxicity, Bonding strength
National Category
Dentistry
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-6432PubMedID: 12837396OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-6432DiVA: diva2:146101
Available from: 2007-12-13 Created: 2007-12-13 Last updated: 2017-12-14Bibliographically approved

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