IL-1beta secretion induced by Aggregatibacter (Actinobacillus) actinomycetemcomitans is mainly caused by the leukotoxin
2008 (English)In: International Journal of Medical Microbiology, ISSN 1438-4221, E-ISSN 1618-0607, Vol. 298, no 5/6, 529-541 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Aggregatibacter (Actinobacillus) actinomycetemcomitans forms a leukotoxin that selectively lyses primate neutrophils, monocytes and triggers apoptosis in promyeloic cells and degranulation of human neutrophils. Recently, we showed that the leukotoxin causes activation of caspase-1 and abundant secretion of bio-active IL-1beta from human macrophages. In this study, we show that high levels of IL-beta correlated with a high proportion of A. actinomycetemcomitans in clinical samples from a patient with aggressive periodontitis. To determine the relative contribution of leukotoxin to the overall bacteria-induced IL-1beta secretion, macrophages were isolated from peripheral blood and exposed to different concentrations of live A. actinomycetemcomitans strains with either no, low or high production of leukotoxin. Cell lysis and levels of IL-1beta, IL-6, TNF-alpha and caspase-1 were measured by ELISA and flow cytometry. Leukotoxin was the predominant cause of IL-1beta secretion from macrophages, even in the A. actinomycetemcomitans strain with low leukotoxin production. Macrophages exposed to non-leukotoxic bacteria accumulated cytosolic pro-IL-1beta, which was secreted by a secondary exposure to leukotoxic bacteria. In conclusion, the present study shows for the first time that A. actinomycetemcomitans-induced IL-1beta secretion from human macrophages in vitro is mainly caused by leukotoxin.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. Vol. 298, no 5/6, 529-541 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-6475DOI: 10.1016/j.ijmm.2007.06.005PubMedID: 17888725OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-6475DiVA: diva2:146144