Scale-freeness for networks as a degenerate ground state: A Hamiltonian formulation
2007 (English)In: Europhysics letters, ISSN 0295-5075, Vol. 78, no 2, 28004-1-28004-5 p.Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.)) Published
The origin of scale-free degree distributions in the context of networks is addressed through an analogous non-network model in which the node degree corresponds to the number of balls in a box and the rewiring of links to balls moving between the boxes. A statistical mechanical formulation is presented and the corresponding Hamiltonian is derived. The energy, the entropy, as well as the degree distribution and its fluctuations are investigated at various temperatures. The scale-free distribution is shown to correspond to the degenerate ground state, which has small fluctuations in the degree distribution and yet a large entropy. We suggest an implication of our results from the viewpoint of the stability in evolution of networks.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. Vol. 78, no 2, 28004-1-28004-5 p.
Complex systems, Networks
Condensed Matter Physics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-6513DOI: 10.1209/0295-5075/78/28004OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-6513DiVA: diva2:146182