The influence of electrodes on the performance of light-emitting electrochemical cells
2007 (English)In: Electrochimica Acta, ISSN 0013-4686, E-ISSN 0019-4686, Vol. 52, no 23, 6456–6462- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
We demonstrate that the electrochemical properties of the electrode material can have a dramatic impact on the performance of light-emitting electrochemical cells (LECs). Specifically, we report results from planar wide-gap LECs containing a blend of poly(2-methoxy,5-(2’-ethylhexyloxy)-p-phenylene vinylene) (MEH-PPV), poly(ethylene oxide) and LiCF3SO3 as the active material. We find that Au electrodes are preferable over Al electrodes, since Au-electrode devices exhibit fast turn-on (i.e., p-n junction formation time) and clearly visible light emission during operation at 5 V and 360 K, while Al-electrode devices exhibit slow turn-on (due to a delayed onset of p-doping progression) and no visible light emission. These results are rationalized with a cyclic voltammetry study, which demonstrates that Al is oxidized at a lower potential than the p-doping (oxidation) potential of MEH-PPV, while Au is electrochemically inert over the entire voltage range spanned by the p- and n-doping potentials of MEH-PPV. Consequently, the oxidation charge injected into Al-electrode devices results in a combination of p-doping of MEH-PPV and formation of Al ions. The latter process is undesired since it results in a slow turn-on time and quenched light emission. Finally, we find that planar LECs in a bottom-electrode configuration exhibit a faster turn-on time than identical devices with the electrodes on top of the active material.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier , 2007. Vol. 52, no 23, 6456–6462- p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-6544DOI: 10.1016/j.electacta.2007.04.068OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-6544DiVA: diva2:146213