Hydrogen exchange during cellulose synthesis distinguishes climatic and biochemical isotope fractionations in tree rings.
2006 (English)In: New Phytologist, ISSN 0028-646X, E-ISSN 1469-8137, Vol. 172, no 3, 490-499 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
• The abundance of the hydrogen isotope deuterium (D) in tree rings is an attractive record of climate; however, use of this record has proved difficult so far, presumably because climatic and physiological influences on D abundance are difficult to distinguish.
• Using D labelling, we created a D gradient in trees. Leaf soluble sugars of relatively low D abundance entered cellulose synthesis in stems containing strongly D-labelled water. We used nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy to quantify D in the C-H groups of leaf glucose and of tree-ring cellulose.
• Ratios of D abundances of individual C-H groups of leaf glucose depended only weakly on leaf D labelling, indicating that the D abundance pattern was determined by physiological influences. The D abundance pattern of tree-ring cellulose revealed C-H groups that exchanged strongly (C(2)-H) or weakly (C(6)-H2) with water during cellulose synthesis.
• We propose that strongly exchanging C-H groups of tree-ring cellulose adopt a climate signal stemming from the D abundance of source water. C-H groups that exchange weakly retain their D abundance established in leaf glucose, which reflects physiological influences. Combining both types of groups may allow simultaneous reconstruction of climate and physiology from tree rings.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. Vol. 172, no 3, 490-499 p.
Cellulose/*biosynthesis, Climate, Deuterium/metabolism, Hydrogen/chemistry/*metabolism, Picea/*metabolism, Plant Leaves/chemistry, Quercus/*metabolism, Soil/analysis, Water/analysis
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-6613DOI: 10.1111/j.1469-8137.2006.01843.xPubMedID: 17083679OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-6613DiVA: diva2:146282