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Gender differences in the Swedish driving-license test
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Educational Measurement. Statistics.
2006 (English)In: Journal of Safety Research, ISSN 0022-4375, Vol. 37, no 3, 285-291 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Male drivers between 18–24 years are involved in many more motor-vehicle accidents than female drivers in Sweden. Is there

also a gender difference in test performance in the Swedish driving-license tests? Is it a real difference or do any of the items display

differential item functioning (DIF) with respect to gender or educational background? Method: Two random samples of test-takers'

performance on the Swedish theory driving-license test were examined with descriptive and inference statistics. Results: Female test-takers

performed better than male test-takers on the theory test, which is a real difference since no items displayed DIF with respect to gender. There

was no gender difference in the practical test. The gender difference in the theory test could not be fully explained by differences in

educational background. Conclusions: Although everyone who passes the driving-license test has fulfilled the goals stated in the curriculum,

it is possible that the gender differences in the theory test are consistent over time, and therefore might be one factor that explains why male

drivers are over-represented in traffic accidents. Impact on Industry: Gender differences appear persistent over time. Therefore, by improving

male test takers' result on the test may lead to positive effects on the male test takers future driving career.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. Vol. 37, no 3, 285-291 p.
Keyword [en]
Differential item functioning, Gender differences, Item analysis
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-7043DOI: doi:10.1016/j.jsr.2006.02.005OAI: diva2:146714
Available from: 2008-05-12 Created: 2008-05-12 Last updated: 2011-01-11Bibliographically approved

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