Corticomotoneuronal dysfunction in ALS patients with different SOD1 mutations.
2006 (English)In: Clinical Neurophysiology, ISSN 1388-2457, Vol. 117, no 8, 1850-1861 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
OBJECTIVE: To examine corticomotoneuronal function in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) patients carrying superoxide dismutase 1 (SOD1) mutations using peristimulus time histograms (PSTH). METHODS: Six I113T, 3 A4V, one G41D and one G114A patient were studied along with 21 healthy control subjects. Analyses included comparison with previously reported data from 8 D90A homozygous and 12 sporadic ALS (SALS) patients examined by the authors using identical methodology. RESULTS: Cortical threshold was significantly reduced in A4V patients (41.3%) compared to I113T (58%), SALS (57%) and D90A (71%) patients, as well as healthy controls (49.7%). Estimated excitatory postsynaptic potentials (EPSPs) were significantly larger in A4V patients (4.39 mV) compared to healthy controls (2.95 mV), I113T (2.71 mV) and SALS (2.39 mV) patients. Clinical features and PSTH parameters in I113T were similar to SALS, however, PSTH primary peaks (PP) were significantly more dispersed, 9.5 ms compared to 4ms in SALS. PSTHs from single G41D and G114A patients were unremarkable, apart from large EPSP amplitudes in the G114A patient. CONCLUSIONS: ALS patients with A4V and I113T SOD1 mutations have distinctive corticomotoneuronal changes that are different from those in D90A homozygous and SALS patients. SIGNIFICANCE: PSTH studies should be considered for future in vivo studies of SOD1 pathophysiology in ALS.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. Vol. 117, no 8, 1850-1861 p.
Adult, Aged, Aged; 80 and over, Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis/*genetics/*physiopathology, Brain/*physiopathology, Evoked Potentials; Motor/*physiology, Female, History; 17th Century, Humans, Male, Motor Neurons/pathology/physiology, Mutation, Superoxide Dismutase/*genetics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-7128DOI: 10.1016/j.clinph.2006.04.004PubMedID: 16793335OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-7128DiVA: diva2:146799