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Influence of education level on cancer survival in Sweden.
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Radiation Sciences, Oncology.
2008 (English)In: Ann Oncol, ISSN 1569-8041, Vol. 19, no 1, 156-162 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

BACKGROUND:

While cancer survival at several sites has historically been shown to vary by education level, a current comprehensive assessment of survival following a cancer diagnosis in Sweden, a country with universal health care and cancer screening, has yet to be carried out.

METHODS:

Using the 2006 update of the Swedish Family-Cancer Database and Cox's proportional hazards regression methods, we calculate the adjusted hazard ratio (HR) and 95% confidence interval to estimate the influence of education level on site-specific cancer survival.

RESULTS:

Significant positive associations between education level and cancer survival were observed following a diagnosis of upper aerodigestive track cancer, colon cancer, pancreatic cancer, lung cancer, kidney cancer, urinary bladder cancer, melanoma, non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, breast cancer, endometrial cancer, cervical cancer, prostate cancer, and testicular cancer. Although the HRs differed between cancer sites, compared with women and men completing <9 years of education, university graduates were associated with a significant 40% improved survival for all cancer sites combined.

CONCLUSIONS:

Survival differences by education level were observed for both indolent and aggressive malignancies.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. Vol. 19, no 1, 156-162 p.
Keyword [en]
cancer, education, survival
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-7270DOI: doi:10.1093/annonc/mdm413PubMedID: 17785761OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-7270DiVA: diva2:146941
Available from: 2008-01-07 Created: 2008-01-07 Last updated: 2011-08-25Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
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