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Influence of education level on cancer survival in Sweden.
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Radiation Sciences, Oncology.
2008 (English)In: Ann Oncol, ISSN 1569-8041, Vol. 19, no 1, 156-162 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]


While cancer survival at several sites has historically been shown to vary by education level, a current comprehensive assessment of survival following a cancer diagnosis in Sweden, a country with universal health care and cancer screening, has yet to be carried out.


Using the 2006 update of the Swedish Family-Cancer Database and Cox's proportional hazards regression methods, we calculate the adjusted hazard ratio (HR) and 95% confidence interval to estimate the influence of education level on site-specific cancer survival.


Significant positive associations between education level and cancer survival were observed following a diagnosis of upper aerodigestive track cancer, colon cancer, pancreatic cancer, lung cancer, kidney cancer, urinary bladder cancer, melanoma, non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, breast cancer, endometrial cancer, cervical cancer, prostate cancer, and testicular cancer. Although the HRs differed between cancer sites, compared with women and men completing <9 years of education, university graduates were associated with a significant 40% improved survival for all cancer sites combined.


Survival differences by education level were observed for both indolent and aggressive malignancies.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. Vol. 19, no 1, 156-162 p.
Keyword [en]
cancer, education, survival
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-7270DOI: doi:10.1093/annonc/mdm413PubMedID: 17785761OAI: diva2:146941
Available from: 2008-01-07 Created: 2008-01-07 Last updated: 2011-08-25Bibliographically approved

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