Serial assessment of variability in heart rate in children with the Fontan circulation.
2005 (English)In: Cardiology in the Young, ISSN 1047-9511, E-ISSN 1467-1107, Vol. 15, no 5, 498-503 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Autonomic nervous control of the heart can be studied by analysing variability in heart rate. Although earlier studies have shown reduced variability in patients with the Fontan circulation, we are not aware of any previous study examining longitudinal changes in such children. We have examined 13 patients who had undergone total cavopulmonary connection, and 37 healthy controls matched for age and gender. The examinations included complete echocardiography, and 24-hour ambulatory electrocardiogram for analysis of the parameters for variability in heart rate. After the Fontan procedure, three follow-up examinations were performed at a mean of 4.4 years, 5.6 and 7.2 years. Reduced variability was found in those with the Fontan circulation. A significant difference was found between patients and their controls with respect to high-frequency power at the second, p equal to 0.05, and third, p equal to 0.03, examination. The ratio of low-to-high-frequency components progressively increased in those with the Fontan circulation, a phenomenon that led to a significant difference, p equal to 0.03, at the third examination. Our study shows that, in patients with the Fontan circulation, routine ambulatory electrocardiographic monitoring including analysis of variability in heart rate, detects over time a progressive sympatovagal imbalance.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
London: Greenwich Medical Media , 2005. Vol. 15, no 5, 498-503 p.
Adolescent, Age Factors, Blood Circulation/physiology, Child, Child; Preschool, Electrocardiography; Ambulatory, Female, Follow-Up Studies, Fontan Procedure, Heart Defects; Congenital/*physiopathology/surgery/ultrasonography, Heart Rate/*physiology, Humans, Infant, Male, Reference Values, Ventricular Function/physiology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-7394DOI: 10.1017/S104795110500137XPubMedID: 16164789OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-7394DiVA: diva2:147065