Longitudinal analysis of the relation between moderate long-term stress and health
2007 (English)In: Stress and Health, ISSN 1532-3005, E-ISSN 1532-2998, Vol. 23, no 2, 131-138 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The main goal of the present work was to longitudinally examine consequences of long-term moderately elevated levels of stress for various health outcomes. To address this issue, data covering 10 years was used from the ongoing Swedish population-based prospective Betula Study. Based on the ratings on a validated self-reported stress scale, matched subsamples between 40 and 65 years of age were divided into a high (n = 137) and low (n = 211) stress group. The reported incidence of cardiovascular, diabetes, psychiatric, tumour and musculoskeletal diseases was assessed 5 and 10 years after baseline (baseline = 1993–1995) without contaminating effects of past health history. The incidence of diseases 5 years after baseline assessment showed no differences between the groups. After 10 years, there was a significantly higher incidence of psychiatric diseases, mainly depression in the high-stress group as well as a significant effect for tumours, although the number of cases was low. Although moderately elevated stress level may have a possible impact on psychiatric diseases especially depression and some tumours, it seems that prolonged moderate stress does not appear to be harmful to other stress-related diseases.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Chichester: Wiley , 2007. Vol. 23, no 2, 131-138 p.
cardiovascular, depression, diabetes, musculoskeletal, tumours
Research subject Psychology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-7463DOI: doi:10.1002/smi.1130OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-7463DiVA: diva2:147134