Soluble misfolded subfractions of mutant superoxide dismutase-1s are enriched in spinal cords throughout life in murine ALS models
2007 (English)In: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, ISSN 0027-8424, E-ISSN 1091-6490, Vol. 104, no 35, 14157-14162 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Mutants of superoxide dismutase-1 (SOD1) cause ALS by an unidentified cytotoxic mechanism. We have previously shown that the stable SOD1 mutants D90A and G93A are abundant and show the highest levels in liver and kidney in transgenic murine ALS models, whereas the unstable G85R and G127X mutants are scarce but enriched in the CNS. These data indicated that minute amounts of misfolded SOD1 enriched in the motor areas might exert the ALS-causing cytotoxicity. A hydrophobic interaction chromatography (HIC) protocol was developed with the aim to determine the abundance of soluble misfolded SOD1 in tissues in vivo. Most G85R and G127X mutant SOD1s bound in the assay, but only minute subfractions of the D90A and G93A mutants. The absolute levels of HIC-binding SOD1 were, however, similar and broadly inversely related to lifespans in the models. They were generally enriched in the susceptible spinal cord. The HIC-binding SOD1 was composed of disulfide-reduced subunits lacking metal ions and also subunits that apparently carried nonnative intrasubunit disulfide bonds. The levels were high from birth until death and were comparable to the amounts of SOD1 that become sequestered in aggregates in the terminal stage. The HIC-binding SOD1 species ranged from monomeric to trimeric in size. These species form a least common denominator amongst SOD1 mutants with widely different molecular characteristics and might be involved in the cytotoxicity that causes ALS.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. Vol. 104, no 35, 14157-14162 p.
Animals, Disease Models; Animal, Humans, Mice, Mice; Transgenic, Motor Neuron Disease/enzymology/*genetics, Mutation, Oxidation-Reduction, Protein Denaturation, Protein Folding, Protein Subunits, Sequence Deletion, Spinal Cord/growth & development/*physiopathology, Superoxide Dismutase/*genetics/metabolism, Variation (Genetics)
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-7589DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0700477104PubMedID: 17715066OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-7589DiVA: diva2:147260