Phenotypic plasticity in gender specific life-history: effects of food availability and predation
2005 (English)In: Oikos, Vol. 110, 91-100 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
If environmental conditions vary, plasticity in life-history traits is predicted. A recent model indicates that males and females should differ in life-history traits, because sexes differ in optimal attributes depending on species ecology. In this study we test the impact of two biotic factors in combination (presence/absence of predators and low/high food level) on gender specific life-history traits in the damselfly Coenagrion puella (Odonata). Results show that predator presence and low food density decreased activity in both sexes. Additionally, individuals with less food grew more slowly, emerged later, remained smaller and had a higher mortality. At low food densities, however, and in contrast to former investigations, individuals from treatments with predator presence were the same size or larger than individuals without predators. Gender had a strong impact on larval activity and life-history traits and sexes differed in development. Females were less active and took longer to complete development, but emerged at a larger size, weight and fat content. This study highlights the importance of gender specific approaches in life-history research.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2005. Vol. 110, 91-100 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-7677DOI: 10.1111/j.0030-1299.2005.13766.xOAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-7677DiVA: diva2:147348