The stromal reaction in basal cell carcinomas: A prerequisite for tumour progression and treatment strategy
2004 (English)In: British Journal of Plastic Surgery, ISSN 0007-1226, Vol. 57, no 5, 429-439 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Specimens of basal cell carcinomas collected from 28 patients were classified into three groups: superficial, nodular, and infiltrative, according to their microarchitecture. The specimens were then subjected to histological characterization by means of a biotinylated hyaluronan-binding probe (HABP). By using Ki-67 and PCNA the proliferative activity of the BCC tumours was evaluated with immunohistological techniques. In superficial BCC the tumour islands displayed moderate hyaluronan (HA) staining. Feeble proliferation, denoted by modest mitotic activity and weak Ki-67 and PCNA immunoreactivity, occurred within the tumour islands. The surrounding connective tissue resembled normal skin, and no differentiated tumour stroma was observed. In nodular BCC, the HA staining of the tumour strands was weak to moderate, denoting increased proliferative activity. The differentiated surrounding tumour stroma stained strongly for HA. Tumour islands of infiltrative BCC stained weakly to moderately to HA and evidenced intense proliferation. The intensely HA-stained tumour stroma ended abruptly and the adjacent areas were almost devoid of HA. This study showed that the proliferative activity of BCC cells is associated with increased expression of HA in the tumour stroma. Modification of tumour-associated connective tissue indicates a close relationship between the tumour cells and the adjacent matrix. In particular, in infiltrative BCC, such alterations include degeneration and possible modification and remodelling of the surrounding extracellular matrix. These processes involving areas of probable importance for tumour progression, should be considered when deciding the extent of intended surgical resection.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2004. Vol. 57, no 5, 429-439 p.
Carcinoma; Basal Cell/*pathology, Cell Division, Disease Progression, Humans, Immunohistochemistry/methods, Ki-67 Antigen/metabolism, Proliferating Cell Nuclear Antigen/metabolism, Skin Neoplasms/*pathology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-7784DOI: 10.1016/j.bjps.2003.12.024PubMedID: 15191824OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-7784DiVA: diva2:147455