Influence of woody debris on channel structure in old growth and managedforest streams in central Sweden
2004 (English)In: Environmental Management, ISSN 0364-152X, E-ISSN 1432-1009, Vol. 33, no 3, 376-384 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Anecdotal information suggests that woody debris have had an important channel-forming role in Swedish streams and rivers, but there are few data to support this view. We identified 10 streams within near-natural and 10 streams within managed forest landscapes in central Sweden, and quantified their channel characteristics and content of woody debris. All pieces of woody debris greater than 0.5 m in length and greater than 0.05 m in base diameter were included. The near-natural forests were situated in reserves protected from forest cutting, whereas the managed forests had previously faced intensive logging in the area adjacent to the stream, The two sets of streams did not differ in general abiotic characteristics such as width, slope, or boulder cover, but the number of wood pieces was twice as high and the wood volume almost four times as high in the near-natural streams. This difference resulted in a higher frequency of debris dams in the near-natural streams. Although the total pool area did not differ between the two sets of streams, the wood-formed pools were larger and deeper, and potentially ecologically more important than other pools. In contrast to what has been believed so far, woody debris can be a channel-forming agent also in steeper streams with boulder beds. In a step-wise multiple regression analysis, pool area was positively and most strongly related to the quantity of woody debris, whereas channel gradient and wood volume were negatively related. The frequency of debris dams increased with the number of pieces of woody debris, but was not affected by other variables. The management implications of this study are that the wood quantity in streams in managed forests would need to be increased if management of streams will target more pristine conditions.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2004. Vol. 33, no 3, 376-384 p.
Conservation of Natural Resources/statistics & numerical data, Forestry, Rivers, Sweden, Trees, Wood
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-7889DOI: 10.1007/s00267-003-3042-2ISI: 000221646400009PubMedID: 15031768OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-7889DiVA: diva2:147560