ECM molecules mediate both Schwann cell proliferation and activation to enhance neurite outgrowth.
2007 (English)In: Tissue Eng, ISSN 1076-3279, Vol. 13, no 12, 2863-70 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Tissue engineering using a combination of biomaterials and cells represents a new approach to nerve repair. We have investigated the effect that extracellular matrix (ECM) molecules have on Schwann cell (SC) attachment and proliferation on the nerve conduit material poly-3-hydroxybutyrate (PHB), and SC influence on neurite outgrowth in vitro. Initial SC attachment to PHB mats was unaffected by ECM molecules but proliferation increased (laminin > fibronectin > collagen). SCs seeded onto ECM-coated culture inserts suspended above a monolayer of NG108-15 cells determined the effect of released diffusible factors. The effect of direct contact between the two cell types on ECM molecules was also investigated. In both systems SCs enhanced neurite number per cell and percentage of NG108-15 cells sprouting neurites. NG108-15 cells grown in direct contact with SCs had significantly longer neurites than those exposed to diffusible factors when seeded on laminin or fibronectin. Diffusible factors released from SCs cultured on ECM molecules appear to initiate neurite outgrowth, whereas SC-neuron contact promotes neurite elongation. SC proliferation was maximal on poly-D-lysine-coated surfaces, but these cells did not influence neurite outgrowth to the levels of laminin or fibronectin. This suggests that ECM molecules enhance cell number and activate SCs to release neurite promoting factors. Addition of ECM molecules to PHB nerve conduits containing SCs is likely to provide benefits for the treatment of nerve injuries.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. Vol. 13, no 12, 2863-70 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-8118DOI: doi:10.1089/ten.2007.0055PubMedID: 17727337OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-8118DiVA: diva2:147789