Inhibition of proteoglycan synthesis affects neuronal outgrowth and astrocytic migration in organotypic cultures of fetal ventral mesencephalon.
2008 (English)In: J Neurosci Res, ISSN 0360-4012, Vol. 86, no 1, 84-92 p.Article in journal (Other academic) Published
Grafting fetal ventral mesencephalon has been utilized to alleviate the symptoms of Parkinson's disease. One obstacle in using this approach is the limited outgrowth from the transplanted dopamine neurons. Thus, it is important to evaluate factors that promote outgrowth from fetal dopamine neurons. Proteoglycans (PGs) are extracellular matrix molecules that modulate neuritic growth. This study was performed to evaluate the role of PGs in dopamine nerve fiber formation in organotypic slice cultures of fetal ventral mesencephalon. Cultures were treated with the PG synthesis inhibitor methyl-umbelliferyl-beta-D-xyloside (beta-xyloside) and analyzed using antibodies against tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) to visualize dopamine neurons, S100beta to visualize astrocytes, and neurocan to detect PGs. Two growth patterns of TH-positive outgrowth were observed: nerve fibers formed in the presence of astrocytes and nerve fibers formed in the absence of astrocytes. Treatment with beta-xyloside significantly reduced the distance of glial-associated TH-positive nerve fiber outgrowth but did not affect the length of the non-glial-associated nerve fibers. The addition of beta-xyloside shifted the nerve fiber growth pattern from being mostly glial-guided to being non-glial-associated, whereas the total amount of TH protein was not affected. Further, astrocytic migration and proliferation were impaired after beta-xyloside treatment, and levels of non-intact PG increased. beta-Xyloside treatment changed the distribution of neurocan in astrocytes, from being localized in vesicles to being diffusely immunoreactive in the processes. To conclude, inhibition of PG synthesis affects glial-associated TH-positive nerve fiber formation in ventral mesencephalic cultures, which might be an indirect effect of impaired astrocytic migration. (c) 2007 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. Vol. 86, no 1, 84-92 p.
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-8136DOI: doi:10.1002/jnr.21465PubMedID: 17868150OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-8136DiVA: diva2:147807