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A multidisciplinary, multifactorial intervention program reduces postoperative falls and injuries after femoral neck fracture.
Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för samhällsmedicin och rehabilitering, Geriatrik.
Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för samhällsmedicin och rehabilitering, Geriatrik. Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för kirurgisk och perioperativ vetenskap, Ortopedi.ORCID-id: 0000-0002-3754-5026
Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för samhällsmedicin och rehabilitering, Geriatrik.
Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Institutionen för samhällsmedicin och rehabilitering, Geriatrik.
Visa övriga samt affilieringar
2007 (Engelska)Ingår i: Osteoporosis International, ISSN 0937-941X, E-ISSN 1433-2965, Vol. 18, nr 2, s. 167-175Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

INTRODUCTION: This study evaluates whether a postoperative multidisciplinary, intervention program, including systematic assessment and treatment of fall risk factors, active prevention, detection, and treatment of postoperative complications, could reduce inpatient falls and fall-related injuries after a femoral neck fracture.

METHODS: A randomized, controlled trial at the orthopedic and geriatric departments at Umeå University Hospital, Sweden, included 199 patients with femoral neck fracture, aged >or=70 years.

RESULTS: Twelve patients fell 18 times in the intervention group compared with 26 patients suffering 60 falls in the control group. Only one patient with dementia fell in the intervention group compared with 11 in the control group. The crude postoperative fall incidence rate was 6.29/1,000 days in the intervention group vs 16.28/1,000 days in the control group. The incidence rate ratio was 0.38 [95% confidence interval (CI): 0.20 - 0.76, p=0.006] for the total sample and 0.07 (95% CI: 0.01-0.57, p=0.013) among patients with dementia. There were no new fractures in the intervention group but four in the control group.

CONCLUSION: A team applying comprehensive geriatric assessment and rehabilitation, including prevention, detection, and treatment of fall risk factors, can successfully prevent inpatient falls and injuries, even in patients with dementia.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
2007. Vol. 18, nr 2, s. 167-175
Nyckelord [en]
Accidental Falls/*prevention & control, Aged, Aged; 80 and over, Delirium/complications, Dementia/complications, Female, Femoral Neck Fractures/complications/*surgery, Humans, Kaplan-Meiers Estimate, Male, Patient Care Team, Postoperative Care/*methods, Postoperative Complications/*prevention & control, Program Evaluation/methods, Risk Factors
Nationell ämneskategori
Geriatrik
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-8291DOI: 10.1007/s00198-006-0226-7PubMedID: 17061151OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-8291DiVA, id: diva2:147962
Tillgänglig från: 2008-01-16 Skapad: 2008-01-16 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-06-09Bibliografiskt granskad
Ingår i avhandling
1. Hip fractures among old people: their prevalence, consequences and complications, and the evaluation of a multi-factorial intervention program designed to prevent falls and injuries and enhance performance of activities of daily living
Öppna denna publikation i ny flik eller fönster >>Hip fractures among old people: their prevalence, consequences and complications, and the evaluation of a multi-factorial intervention program designed to prevent falls and injuries and enhance performance of activities of daily living
2006 (Engelska)Doktorsavhandling, sammanläggning (Övrigt vetenskapligt)
Abstract [en]

The number of old people is growing and will increase future demands on healthcare services for old people. Hip fracture is one of the diagnoses that increases with age and it has become a major problem, both for those suffering a fracture and for society due to the large numbers involved, the morbidity with complications such as falls, functional decline, and the high mortality rate among those affected. The main purposes of this thesis were, to study the impact of previous hip fractures on their life among the very old, to study in-patient falls, fall-related injuries and fall-risk factors, and to evaluate a multidisciplinary, multi-factorial intervention program designed to reduce in-patient falls and to enhance functional performance among old people who have sustained a femoral neck fracture.

The impact of a hip fracture was examined in a cross-sectional population-based study, among the very old (Umeå 85+). After adjustment for potential covariates, participants with a history of hip fracture were found to be more dependent in the performance of Personal/Primary Activities of Daily Living (P-ADL) (p=0.024), walked less independently (p=0.040) and used a wheelchair more frequently (p=0.017). Most of the participants with earlier hip fractures who had moved to institutional care or begun using mobility aids, as compared to before the fracture, had started to do so permanently in connection with the fracture incident.

In-patient falls, fall-related injuries and fall-risk factors were studied in 97 participants, aged 70 or more, treated for a femoral neck fracture. There were 60 postoperative falls occurring among 26/97 participants (27%). Thirty-two percent of the falls resulted in injuries, 25 % were minor, and 7 % were serious. Delirium after day seven, (Hazard Rate Ratio (HRR) with a 95% Confidence Interval (CI)), 4.62 (1.30-16.37), male sex 3.92 (1.58-9.73), and sleeping disturbances 3.49 (1.24-9.86), were associated with in-patient falls. Forty-five percent of the participants were delirious on the day they fell.

The effects of a multidisciplinary, multi-factorial intervention program on in-hospital falls and injuries as well as the short- and long-term effects on living conditions, walking ability and performance of activities of daily living were evaluated in a randomised controlled trial among 199 participants with femoral neck fracture, aged ≥70 years. Participants were randomised to care in a geriatric ward (intervention, n=102) or to conventional postoperative routines (control, n=97). The intervention consisted of staff education, individualized care planning and rehabilitation, systematic assessment and treatment of fall-risk factors, active prevention, and detection and treatment of postoperative complications and an intervention follow up at four-months. The staff worked in teams to apply comprehensive geriatric assessment, management and rehabilitation.

Twelve participants fell a total 18 times in the intervention group compared to 26 participants suffering a total 60 falls in the control group. Only one participant with dementia fell in the intervention group compared to 11 participants with dementia in the control group. The fall incidence rate was 6.29/1000 days vs. 16.28/1000 for the intervention and control groups respectively. The Incidence Rate Ratio (IRR) was 0.38 (95% CI: 0.20-0.76, p=0.006) for the total sample and 0.07 (95% CI: 0.01-0.57, p=0.013) among participants with dementia. No new fractures were incurred in the intervention group but there were four in the control group. In addition, despite shorter hospitalization, significantly more people from the intervention group had regained independence in P-ADL performance at the four- and twelve-month follow ups, Odds Ratios (OR), with 95% CI, were 2.51 (1.00-6.30) and 3.49 (1.31-9.23) respectively. More participants in the intervention group had also regained the ability to walk independently without walking aids indoors, at the end of the study period, 3.01 (1.18-7.61).

In conclusion, hip fracture among the very old seems to be associated with poorer P-ADL performance and poorer mobility. Falls and injuries are common during in-patient rehabilitation after a femoral neck fracture, delirium and sleep disturbances and male gender are factors associated with in-patient falls. Having a team apply comprehensive geriatric assessments and rehabilitation, including the prevention, detection and treatment of fall-risk factors, can successfully prevent in-patient falls and fall-related injuries, even among participants with dementia, and can also enhance the performance of Activities of Daily Living (ADL) and mobility after a hip fracture, in both short- and long-term perspectives.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Umeå: Samhällsmedicin och rehabilitering, 2006. s. 77
Serie
Umeå University medical dissertations, ISSN 0346-6612 ; 1040
Nyckelord
accidental falls, activities of daily living, aged, geriatric medicine, hip fracture, in-hospital, intervention, physiotherapy, randomised controlled trial, rehabilitation
Nationell ämneskategori
Geriatrik
Identifikatorer
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-870 (URN)91-7264-133-9 (ISBN)
Disputation
2006-10-14, Aula, Vårdvetarhuset, Umeå universitet 901 87, Umeå, 10:00 (Engelska)
Opponent
Handledare
Tillgänglig från: 2006-09-21 Skapad: 2006-09-21 Senast uppdaterad: 2009-10-29Bibliografiskt granskad

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Stenvall, MichaelOlofsson, BirgittaLundström, MariaEnglund, UndisSvensson, OlleNyberg, LarsGustafson, Yngve

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