Efficiency of methods for Karl Fischer determination of water in oils based on oven evaporation and azeotropic distillation
2003 (English)In: Analytical Chemistry, ISSN 0003-2700, Vol. 75, no 6, 1227-32 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The efficiency of azeotropic distillation and oven evaporation techniques for trace determination of water in oils has recently been questioned by the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), on the basis of measurements of the residual water found after the extraction step. The results were obtained by volumetric Karl Fischer (KF) titration in a medium containing a large excess of chloroform (> or = 65%), a proposed prerequisite to ensure complete release of water from the oil matrix. In this work, the extent of this residual water was studied by means of a direct zero-current potentiometric technique using a KF medium containing more than 80% chloroform, which is well above the concentration recommended by NIST. A procedure is described that makes it possible to correct the results for dilution errors as well as for chemical interference effects caused by the oil matrix. The corrected values were found to be in the range of 0.6-1.5 ppm, which should be compared with the 12-34 ppm (uncorrected values) reported by NIST for the same oils. From this, it is concluded that the volumetric KF method used by NIST gives results that are much too high.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2003. Vol. 75, no 6, 1227-32 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-8346DOI: 10.1021/ac026229+PubMedID: 12659179OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-8346DiVA: diva2:148017