Variation in breeding system traits within and among populations of Microbotryum violaceum on Silene dioica
2008 (English)In: International journal of plant sciences, ISSN 1058-5893, Vol. 169, no 2, 293-303 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Breeding systems exert profound effects on the amount and distribution of genetic diversity within and among populations. Knowledge of breeding systems is also important for understanding dynamics between coevolving organisms, e.g., pathogen‐host interactions. Here we study the breeding system of the obligate anther smut Microbotryum violaceum on Silene dioica. Microbotryum violaceum is capable of both inbreeding and outcrossing, but several recent studies on other host races have indicated that automixis via intrapromycelial mating is the predominant breeding system. Compared with conjugations between cells from different meioses, automixis results in slower loss of heterozygosity and faster production of infectious hypha. However, high rates of intrapromycelial matings have been suggested to invoke a fitness cost due to production of fewer infectious dikaryons. Working with single strains under standardized laboratory conditions, we studied traits that could influence the distribution of genetic variability and pathogen fitness. We found that intrapromycelial mating is the dominant conjugation form for M. violaceum var. dioica but that the breeding system varies, partly because of genetic differences, both within and among populations. Further, we did not find the predicted fitness reduction for intrapromycelial matings, suggesting that intrapromycelial mating is a highly favorable breeding system for M. violaceum.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. Vol. 169, no 2, 293-303 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-8477DOI: doi:10.1086/523964OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-8477DiVA: diva2:148148