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Characterization of a pressurizable two-step atomizer for atomic absorption spectrometry
Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Chemistry.
Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Chemistry.
Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Chemistry.
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2000 (English)In: Spectrochimica Acta Part B: Atomic Spectroscopy, Vol. 55, no 5, 461-72 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A two-step atomizer consisting of a transversely heated atomization tube with integrated contacts and a cup furnace for sample vaporization was constructed. The system could accommodate tubes of various lengths and it could be operated at selected pressures. There was no physical contact between the tube and the cup and mainly diffusion was responsible for the sample vapour transport from the cup to the tube. Under these conditions there was an unavoidable loss by 40% of the peak area signals due to the gap between the cup and the tube. For a 24-mm tube, characteristic masses were on the average three times lower than for the state of the art transverse heated graphite atomizers (THGA). By de-coupling the processes of analyte vaporization and atomization the dynamic working range could be increased by three to six times using conventional measurements by atomic absorption spectrometry (AAS). In this case the cup temperature and hence the rate of analyte transport from the cup to the tube was controlled such that atom density in the tube did not exceed the linear range of the absorbance measurement. Carrying out clean-out steps at reduced pressure decreased memory effects.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2000. Vol. 55, no 5, 461-72 p.
Keyword [en]
Two-step atomizer, Atomic absorption spectrometry, Working range, Memory effects, Vapour transport
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-8529DOI: doi:10.1016/S0584-8547(00)00177-4OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-8529DiVA: diva2:148200
Available from: 2008-01-28 Created: 2008-01-28 Last updated: 2011-01-14Bibliographically approved

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