α-Methylene ordering of acyl chains differs in glucolipids and phosphatidylglycerol from Acholeplasma laidlawii membranes: 2H-NMR quadrupole splittings from individual lipids in mixed bilayers
2000 (English)In: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - Biomembranes, Vol. 1468, no 1-2, 329-44 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
A Acholeplasma laidlawii strain A-EF22 was grown in a medium supplemented with α-deuterated oleic acid. Phosphatidylglycerol (PG), the glucolipids monoglucosyldiacylglycerol (MGlcDAG), diglucosyldiacylglycerol (DGlcDAG) and monoacyldiglucosyldiacylglycerol, and the phosphoglucolipid glycerophosphoryldiglucosyldiacylglycerol (GPDGlcDAG) were purified, and the phase behaviour and molecular ordering for the individual lipids, as well as for mixtures of the lipids, were studied by 2H-, 31P-NMR and X-ray scattering methods. The chemical structure of all the A. laidlawii lipids, except PG, has been determined and verified previously; here also the chemical structure of PG was verified, utilising mass spectrometry and 1H and 13C high resolution NMR spectroscopy. For the first time, lipid dimers were found in the mass spectrometry measurements. The major findings in this work are: (1) addition of 50 mol% of PG to the non-lamellar-forming lipid MGlcDAG does not significantly alter the transition temperature between lamellar and non-lamellar phases; (2) the 2H-NMR quadrupole splitting patterns obtained from the lamellar liquid crystalline phase are markedly different for PG on one hand, and DGlcDAG and GPDGlcDAG on the other hand; and (3) mixtures of PG and DGlcDAG or MGlcDAG give rise to 2H-NMR spectra consisting of a superposition of splitting patterns of the individual lipids. These remarkable features show that the local ordering of the α-carbon of the acyl chains is different for PG than for MGlcDAG and DGlcDAG, and that this difference is preserved when PG is mixed with the glucolipids. The results obtained are interpreted in terms of differences in molecular shape and hydrophilicity of the different polar headgroups.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2000. Vol. 1468, no 1-2, 329-44 p.
2H-NMR; X-ray diffraction; Quadrupole splitting; Lamellar–non-lamellar phase transition; 1H high resolution NMR; 13C high resolution NMR; Mass spectrometry
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-8628DOI: doi:10.1016/S0005-2736(00)00273-XOAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-8628DiVA: diva2:148299