Observations of light-induced structural changes of retinal within rhodopsin
2000 (English)In: Nature, Vol. 405, 810-3 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Photo-isomerization of the 11-cis retinal chromophore activates the mammalian light-receptor rhodopsin1, a representative member of a major superfamily of transmembrane G-protein-coupled receptor proteins (GPCRs) responsible for many cell signal communication pathways. Although low-resolution (5 Å) electron microscopy studies2, 3 confirm a seven transmembrane helix bundle as a principal structural component of rhodopsin, the structure of the retinal within this helical bundle is not known in detail. Such information is essential for any theoretical or functional understanding of one of the fastest occurring photoactivation processes in nature, as well as the general mechanism behind GPCR activation4, 5, 6. Here we determine the three-dimensional structure of 11-cis retinal bound to bovine rhodopsin in the ground state at atomic level using a new high-resolution solid-state NMR method7. Significant structural changes are observed in the retinal following activation by light to the photo-activated MI state of rhodopsin giving the all-trans isomer of the chromophore. These changes are linked directly to the activation of the receptor, providing an insight into the activation mechanism of this class of receptors at a molecular level.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2000. Vol. 405, 810-3 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-8633DOI: doi:10.1038/35015604OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-8633DiVA: diva2:148304