Polychlorinated Naphthalene Levels, Distribution, and Biomagnification in a Benthic Food Chain in the Baltic Sea
2002 (English)In: Environmental Science & Technology, Vol. 36, no 23, 5005-13 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The scientific literature contains little information regarding bioaccumulation and biomagnification of polychlorinated naphthalenes (PCNs) in food webs. Here we present new information on the food chain transfer of PCNs within a food chain in a subarctic environment. PCNs (tetra- to hepta-chloro congeners) were measured in surface sediments and in a marine benthic food chain, comprising amphipods, isopods, and fourhorned sculpins. Samples were collected from five locations in the Gulf of Bothnia, northern Baltic Sea. PCN concentrations in the sediments were similar to background levels determined previously in sediments from the northern hemisphere. Measurement of the carbon content of the sediments allowed the calculation of biota to sediment accumulation factors (BSAFs). Tetra- and penta-CNs exhibited BSAF values greater than one, while BSAFs for the more chlorinated PCNs were less than one. This suggests more efficient assimilation, by amphipods, of the less chlorinated PCNs. A decrease in PCN concentrations from the lowest to the highest trophic level was demonstrated (amphipods: 10-69 ng/g lw; isopods: 3.9-16 ng/g lw; fourhorned sculpins: 0.54-1.5 ng/g lw). Biomagnification factors (BMFs) were calculated based on the concentrations of the congeners. These indicated that a few congeners biomagnified significantly: the highest BMFs (0.09-1.4) were found for 2,3,6,7-substituted congeners and those lacking adjacent hydrogen-substituted carbon atoms.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2002. Vol. 36, no 23, 5005-13 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-8836DOI: doi:10.1021/es0201146OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-8836DiVA: diva2:148507