Change search
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Chiral analysis of organochlorine pesticides in Alabama soils
Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Chemistry.
2001 (English)In: Chemosphere, Vol. 45, no 6-7, 843-8 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The enantiomeric composition of organochlorine (OC) pesticide residues was investigated in 32 agricultural and 3 cemetery soils from Alabama. The enantiomeric signatures were similar to those from other soils in US and Canada. The enantiomer fractions (EFs) of o,p′-DDT showed great variability, ranging from 0.41 to 0.57 while the EFs of chlordanes and chlordane metabolites were less variable and differed in general significantly from racemic. Enantioselective depletion of (+)trans-chlordane, (−)cis-chlordane, the first eluting enantiomer of MC5, and enrichment of (+)heptachlor-exo-epoxide and (+)oxychlordane was found in a large majority of the samples with detectable residues. The enantiomeric composition of α-hexachlorocyclohexane was racemic or close to racemic.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2001. Vol. 45, no 6-7, 843-8 p.
Keyword [en]
Enantiomer fraction, o, p′-DDT, α-HCH, Chlordanes, Chlordane metabolites
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-8891DOI: doi:10.1016/S0045-6535(01)00033-9OAI: diva2:148562
Available from: 2008-02-19 Created: 2008-02-19 Last updated: 2012-06-28Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Enantiospecific Analysis and Environmental Behavior of Chiral Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs)
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Enantiospecific Analysis and Environmental Behavior of Chiral Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs)
2002 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Many persistent organic pollutants (POPs) are chiral. These pollutants are generally released into the environment as racemates, but frequently undergo alterations in enantiomeric composition as soon as they are subjected to life chemistry processes. Enantiospecific analysis of chiral POPs is important since enantiomers of chiral compounds often exhibit differences in biological activity, and most biochemical processes in nature are stereospecific. For abiotic processes, such as air-water gas exchange, deposition and long-range air transport, enantiomeric patterns of POPs may be used as chemical markers.

The aim of the work described in this thesis was to improve our knowledge about the presence and fate of enantiomers of chiral POPs inthe environment to provide a sound basis for accurate risk assessment. The compounds included were organochlorine (OC) pesticides (α-HCH, chlordanes and o,p’-DDT), atropisomeric PCBs and some of their respective metabolites (heptachlor-exo-epoxide, oxychlordane and MeSO2-PCBs).

Analytical methods for chiral PCBs were developed, and the elution sequences of (+) and (−)-enantiomers were determined. Enantiomeric fraction (EF) was proposed as a better reflector of chiral composition than the conventional enantiomeric ratio (ER).

Enantioselective bioprocessing in various compartments was studied, with the main emphasis on factors controlling chiral composition in biota Correlations were detected between changes in EFs and differences in trophic levels. The changes were, however, not consistent for all compounds. Instead, the enantiomeric composition was found to be species-specific in the polar bear food chain and in aquatic species from the Baltic Sea. The EFs of some POPs in Baltic seals were related tonutritional status and biotransformation capacity.

Enantiomeric and isomeric patterns were used to investigate abiotic processes in the southern Baltic Sea environment and EFs were used tostudy soil as a source of atmospheric heptachlor-exo-epoxide.

90 p.
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-9 (URN)91-7305-162-4 (ISBN)
Public defence
Available from: 2002-01-25 Created: 2002-01-25 Last updated: 2012-06-28Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

Other links

Publisher's full text

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Wiberg, Karin
By organisation

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

Altmetric score

Total: 36 hits
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link