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Alternatives of OSAHS treatment: selection of patients for upper airway surgery and oral appliances
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Odontology.
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Odontology, Ortodontics.
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Odontology.
2007 (English)In: European Respiratory Review, ISSN 0905-9180, Vol. 16, no 106, 132-145 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Although continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) is considered to represent the standard treatment for patients with moderate-to-severe obstructive sleep apnoea/hypopnoea syndrome (OSAHS), poor treatment compliance and/or refusal is an issue in ∼20-3% of these patients.

As an alternative to life-long CPAP treatment, conservative procedures exist with dental appliances for mandibular advancement, as well as curative surgical techniques.

Surgical treatment of OSAHS can be divided into the following two main groups:

1) upper airway surgery by soft tissue resection (uvulopalatopharyngoplasty, etc.), and

2) skeletal procedures, such as maxillo-mandibular advancement. Proper selection of patients for the different treatment modalities is the key for full treatment success.

Patient-related factors, such as the site of upper airway collapse, craniofacial characteristics, dental health, obesity, age, profession and positional dependence, as well as treatment-related factors, should be evaluated before a final proposal for these treatment alternatives is formulated.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. Vol. 16, no 106, 132-145 p.
Keyword [en]
Apnoea, oral appliances, snoring, upper airway surgery
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-9035OAI: diva2:148706
Available from: 2008-02-27 Created: 2008-02-27 Last updated: 2011-01-11Bibliographically approved

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