Reactivity of dissolving pulp: characterisation using chemical properties, NMR spectroscopy and multivariate data analysis
2002 (English)In: Cellulose, Vol. 9, no 2, 159-70 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The reactivity of dissolving pulp was experimentally determined in termsof residual cellulose in viscose. The correlations between 11 chemicalproperties of pulp and filter values and residual cellulose contents of viscosewere then investigated by multivariate data analysis. Both the viscose filtervalue and the residual cellulose were well modelled from the 11 propertiesby partial least squares regression. The results show that pulps with highacetone extractable fractions, high magnesium contents, low alkali resistanceand low viscosity, gave low viscose filter values and low residual cellulosecontents. Pulps with low residual cellulose contents also had low carboxylgroupcontents and low polydispersity. The results are interpreted as that in pulpwith high reactivity, the hemicellulose content is low and that the cellulosechains are shorter and more soluble in alkali. An explanation of the positiveeffect from the high extractive content is that the extractives facilitate thediffusion of carbon disulfide. A principal component analysis of CP/MAS13C-NMR spectral data of six pulp samples showed that differences inreactivity between the pulps could be explained by variations in the hydrogenbonds in the cellulose and/or changes in the glucosidic bonds. In a separatestudy electron beam processing enhanced the reactivity, i.e. lowered theresidual cellulose content, of the investigated pulps. The magnitude of theelectron dose, within the tested range (5.4–23.7 kGy), didnotseem to be important, but the reactivity within pulp sheets tended to be ratherinhomogeneous.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2002. Vol. 9, no 2, 159-70 p.
Dissolving pulp, Electron processing, Multivariate data analysis, Reactivity, Residual cellulose, Solid state NMR spectroscopy, Viscose filter value
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-9151DOI: 10.1023/A:1020108125490OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-9151DiVA: diva2:148822