When and why do experts perform exposure measurements?: An exploratory study of safety engineers, work environment inspectors, and occupational hygienists.
2006 (English)In: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene, ISSN 1545-9624, E-ISSN 1545-9632, Vol. 3, no 12, 713-717 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The aim of this study was to describe experts' decision processes leading to measurements of occupational chemical exposure. Safety engineers, clinical occupational hygienists, and work environment inspectors (four from each group) were interviewed according to a semistructured scheme. We analyzed: (i) perceived triggers for measurements, (ii) the experts' decision criteria for performing measurements when there was a trigger, and (iii) sampling strategy. Regarding triggers, all safety engineers reported a “request” from, for example, an employer; all work environment inspectors reported “legal demands;” and all clinical occupational hygienists reported “symptoms among workers.” As a decision criterion, all the interviewees reported that they measured only if they expected sufficiently high levels. The results of the present study highlight factors that trigger measurements and are of importance in determining whether measurements will be performed. These factors appear to be related to the expert's professional role and may bias the assessment of exposure. Thus, when using data from routine measurements done by experts, the possibility of a bias needs to be considered.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. Vol. 3, no 12, 713-717 p.
Decision Making, Occupational Exposure, Occupational Health/statistics & numerical data, Safety, Workplace
Medical and Health Sciences
Research subject Medicine
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-9186DOI: 10.1080/15459620601015893PubMedID: 17133692OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-9186DiVA: diva2:148857