Determination of atropisomeric and planar polychlorinated biphenyls, their enantiomeric fractions and tissue distribution in grey seals using comprehensive 2D gas chromatography
2003 (English)In: Journal of Chromatography A, Vol. 1019, no 1-2, 127-142 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
High prevalence of uterine occlusions and sterility is found among Baltic ringed and grey seal. Polychlorinated biphenyls (CBs) are suspected to be the main cause. The CB concentrations are higher in affected than in healthy animals, but the natural variation is considerable. Thus, it might be possible to assess the health status of seals by CB analysis. The ratios of chiral compounds (enantiomeric fractions (EFs)) such as atropisomeric CBs are of particular interest, since these may reflect differences in metabolic rates. An analytical procedure was developed and used to determine the levels of atropisomeric CBs, planar-CBs (WHO-PCBs) and total CBs in seals of different health status. Comprehensive 2D gas chromatography (GC×GC) was used to separate the target analytes from other CBs and interferences and a micro electron-capture detector (μECD) was used for detection. EFs of the atropisomeric CBs were difficult to determine as the levels were low and the interferences many. Two column combinations had to be used to avoid biased results—both had a chiral column as first-dimension column. The second-dimension column was coated with either a high-polarity cyanopropyl or a liquid crystal phase. EFs were determined for five atropisomeric CBs, i.e. CBs 91, 95, 132, 149 and 174. The results were verified by GC×GC–time-of-flight mass spectrometry (TOF-MS). Some atropisomeric CBs had EFs that deviated strongly from the racemic-mixture value. The deviations were larger in liver than blubber, which indicates enantioselective metabolism. However, there was no selective passage of the studied atropisomeric CBs across placenta and no selective blood–brain barrier. Similarly, no correlation between EFs and health status was observed, although there was a correlation between the total CB levels and health status.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2003. Vol. 1019, no 1-2, 127-142 p.
Gas chromatography, comprehensive two-dimensional, Atropisomers, Enantiomeric fractions, Baltic grey seal, Polychlorinated biphenyls
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-9221DOI: doi:10.1016/j.chroma.2003.08.102OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-9221DiVA: diva2:148892
First International Symposium on Comprehensive Multidimensional Gas Chromatography2008-03-112008-03-112011-01-13Bibliographically approved