Can alpha-tocopherol and beta-carotene supplementation reduce adverse radiation effects on salivary glands?
1995 (English)In: European Journal of Cancer, ISSN 0959-8049, Vol. 31A, no 13-14, 2347-2353 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
In this study, we evaluated whether supplementation with antioxidant vitamins can reduce the adverse effects of irradiation on the salivary glands in the rat. Four groups of adult Sprague-Dawley rats were given a basic diet providing 0.6 mg alpha-tocopherol and no beta-carotene per day. In two groups the basic diet was supplemented with 3.4 mg alpha-tocopherol and 6 mg beta-carotene per day from 14 days before irradiation until 12 days after completed irradiation. One group of rats given basic diet and one group given supplemented diet were irradiated with 7 Gy daily for five consecutive days. Isoproterenol and pilocarpine-stimulated whole saliva was collected from all rats 2, 4 and 26 weeks after irradiation. Vitamin-supplemented irradiated rats had higher secretion rates on all three occasions compared with those of irradiated rats given basic diet. The changes in saliva composition seen in irradiated rats were less accentuated in vitamin-supplemented, irradiated rats. The proportions of acinar cells were significantly decreased both in parotid and submandibular glands 26 weeks after irradiation. Supplementation with alpha-tocopherol and beta-carotene did not alter the morphology of the glands.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1995. Vol. 31A, no 13-14, 2347-2353 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-9254PubMedID: 8652268OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-9254DiVA: diva2:148925