Ash Transformations during Combustion of Meat-, Bonemeal, and RDF in a (bench-scale) Fluidized Bed Combustor
2003 (English)In: Energy & Fuels, ISSN 0887-0624, E-ISSN 1520-5029, Vol. 17, no 5, 1153-1159 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Following the recent Bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) experiences, thermal treatment of meat- and bonemeal (MBM) in existing fluidized bed combustion (FBC) plants for refuse-derived fuels (RDFs) has evolved as an interesting disposal and disintegration method. However, only a limited number of studies have previously been performed for combustion of MBM in fluidized beds. The objectives of the present work were, therefore, to determine the bed agglomeration tendencies of these materials during combustion in fluidized beds and to evaluate the effects of dolomite and kaolin addition to the fuel mix, as well as to elucidate the overall ash transformation mechanisms governing the potential bed agglomeration and fouling processes. By controlled agglomeration experiments in a 5 kW bench-scale fluidized bed reactor, the fuel-specific critical agglomeration temperatures in normal quartz bed material were determined for the different fuel/additive mixtures. All collected samples of bed materials, final bed agglomerates, and cyclone ashes were analyzed using SEM/EDS and XRD. The results indicated that the MBM fuels could be expected to be problematic concerning bed agglomeration in normal quartz beds, while kaolin and possibly dolomite addition could be used to reduce this risk to moderate levels. A significant elemental fractionation between the bed material and the cyclone ash was obtained. Apatite (Ca5(PO4)3(OH) or potentially some other calcium phosphates are elutriated from the bed and enriched in the fly ash, while sodium and potassium are enriched in the bed material. The characteristics and the corresponding melting behavior estimations of the necks formed between agglomerated bed particles suggest that silicate melts are responsible for the bed agglomeration. Results from XRD analysis of the fly ash formed from the fuels used in the present study indicated that the risk for melt-related fly ash problems seem relatively small.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
American Chemical Society (ACS), 2003. Vol. 17, no 5, 1153-1159 p.
Energy Engineering Chemical Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-9279DOI: 10.1021/ef020273aOAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-9279DiVA: diva2:148950