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Repeated Test Taking: Differences Between Social Groups
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Statistics.
Educational Measurement.
2004 (English)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The Swedish Scholastic Aptitude Test (SweSAT) is used in the process of selection to higher education in Sweden. The SweSAT is administered twice a year and consists of 122 items. The total raw score is transformed into a normed score, which is used in the selection procedure. The main purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of repeated test taking regarding the SweSAT. The effects are described in relation to the test taker who chooses to retest. Another purpose was to relate the effects of repeated test taking to the individual subtests of the SweSAT and to analyse the self selection process related to repeated test taking. Multivariate linear models for repeated measurements were used to describe the effects of repeated test taking in relation to the test taker. Calibrated scores were used as a basis for relating the effects to subtests. The summarised conclusions were that test takers with high SweSAT score repeated the test more often than those with low scores. Males and test takers from social group I repeated the test more often than females and social group III, respectively. Repeated test taking had its main effect from the first to the second testing for all social groups and both sexes. This main effect of repeated test taking was related to two subtests, WORD and DTM, for all social groups. For the other subtests, social groups II and III were favoured by subtest DS, social group II was favoured by READ and social group III was favoured by subtest ERC. With reference to total normed test score the results indicated that there was a marginal difference between social groups I and II, when controlled for sex and age. Social group I had a higher mean score than the other social groups. Males had higher mean scores than females. The summarised conclusion was that the differences in mean scores between social groups I and III were higher than between males and females.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Institutionen för beteendevetenskapliga mätningar, Umeå , 2004. , 24 p.
, EM, ISSN 1103-2685 ; 47
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-9780OAI: diva2:149451
Available from: 2007-05-23 Created: 2007-05-23Bibliographically approved

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Törnkvist, BirgittaHenriksson, Widar
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