Solid-Phase Synthesis of -Gal Epitopes: On-Resin Analysis of Solid-Phase Oligosaccharide Synthesis with 19F NMR Spectroscopy
2003 (English)In: Journal of Organic Chemistry, Vol. 68, no 19, 7281-8 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
A route for solid-phase synthesis of the -Gal epitopes Gal(1-3)Gal(1-4)Glc and Gal(1-3)Gal(1-4)GlcNAc is described. These trisaccharide antigens are responsible for hyperacute rejection in xenotransplantation of porcine organs. Optimization of the solid-phase synthesis relied on use of fluorinated protective groups for the carbohydrate building blocks and use of a fluorinated linker. This allowed convenient on-resin analysis of the reactions with gel-phase 19F NMR spectroscopy. Conditions were established which allowed reductive ring-opening of 4,6-O-benzylidene acetals to be performed on the solid phase with high regioselectivity to furnish the corresponding 6-O-benzyl ethers. It was found that glycosylations could be conveniently carried out by using thioglycosides as donors with N-iodosuccinimide and trifluoromethanesulfonic acid as the promoter system. With use of these conditions a challenging -glycosidic linkage was successfully installed with complete stereoselectivity in the final glycosylation. It was also established that fluorinated benzoates, benzyl ethers, and benzylidene acetals display almost identical chemical properties as their nonfluorinated counterparts, a finding that is essential for future use of fluorinated protective groups in solid-phase oligosaccharide synthesis.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2003. Vol. 68, no 19, 7281-8 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-9933DOI: doi:10.1021/jo034581xOAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-9933DiVA: diva2:149604