Diffusion: a comparison between liquid and solid polymer LiTFSI electrolytes
2002 (English)In: Solid State Ionics, Vol. 152-153, 131-6 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
From careful analyses of pfg-NMR data, it is demonstrated that the size of the diffusing Li+·xH2O complex in an aqueous solution of LiTFSI is strongly dependent on salt concentration, with the number of solvating water units ranging from six in dilute (H2O)500LiTFSI to two in highly concentrated (H2O)5LiTFSI. Such a relationship is explained by a mass tendency toward a lower solvation number as the number of available H2O molecules per lithium ion decreases. In a liquid (PEO)nLiTFSI system, a contrasting situation prevails, since the size of the diffusing Li+ complex is almost constant over a large salt concentration range (5≤n≤50). Our interpretations of these data imply that one PEO chain, containing on average nine ether oxygen units, is able to dissolve up to two lithium ions, but exclude the possibility of cationic crosslinks between different PEO chains and direct ionic interactions. For solid P(EO)nLiTFSI eletrolytes, a significantly lower value for the diffusion coefficient of the small lithium ions as compared to that of the large TFSI ions (DLi=0.2DTFSI) was found for all salt concentrations investigated (5≤n≤50). This observation fits in with recent structural observations, which suggest that lithium ions move as single entities in this specific system and require a rather complicated solvation–desolvation step for long-range motion. In all electrolytes investigated, both liquid and solid, the large and bulky TFSI ion appears to be moving as a single unit, thus manifesting the excellent ionization properties of the LiTFSI salt.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2002. Vol. 152-153, 131-6 p.
Solid polymer electrolyte, Liquid electrolyte, PEO, H2O, LiTFSI, Ionic self-diffusion, pfg-NMR
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-10024DOI: doi:10.1016/S0167-2738(02)00364-8OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-10024DiVA: diva2:149695
Presenterad på följande konferens: 13th International Conference on Solid State Ionics (8-14 July 2001), Cairns, AUSTRALIA2008-06-112008-06-112011-01-13Bibliographically approved