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Vaccinscheman inom EU behöver göras mer lika: More equal vaccination schedules in the European Union needed
Avdelningen för epidemiologi, Smittskyddsinstitutet, Solna.
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Paediatrics.
Mikrobiologiskt och tumörbiologiskt centrum (MTC), Karolinska institutet, Karolinska Universitetssjukhuset, Solna.
2008 (Swedish)In: Läkartidningen, ISSN 0023-7205, Vol. 105, no 22, 1665-1669 p.Article in journal (Other academic) Published
Abstract [en]

The worldwide variation in vaccination schedules often induces questions about complementary vaccinations to children in migrating families. Also the European vaccination programmes seem to differ widely, but there are in fact many similarities. A two or three-dose priming schedule, with 1, 1 ? or 2 months interval within the three-dose schedule, is used for immunisation against diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis, polio, Haemophilus influenzae type b and in many countries also against hepatitis B. In some countries hepatitis B vaccination is started at birth. An early booster at 10-24 months is also generally implemented, with very few exceptions. At least one additional booster dose against diphtheria and tetanus is recommended within the age intervals 4-7 or 11-18 years of age. Most countries also have scheduled boosters against polio and pertussis within these intervals. Nowadays all countries offer two doses of MMR. The first dose is usually given at 12-18 months of age, while there is a wide age range for the second dose. A majority of countries give the second MMR at 3-9 years of age, five countries at 13-24 months whereas nine countries vaccinate at 9-13 years of age.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Stockholm: Sveriges läkarförbund , 2008. Vol. 105, no 22, 1665-1669 p.
Keyword [en]
Adolescent, child, child; preschool, european union, humans, immunization programs, immunization schedule, immunization; secondary, infant
Keyword [sv]
Immuniseringsprogram, immuniseringsschema, jämförande studie, europeiska unionen
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-10254PubMedID: 18590008OAI: diva2:149925
Available from: 2008-07-23 Created: 2008-07-23 Last updated: 2011-03-09Bibliographically approved

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