Lipid lateral diffusion and membrane heterogeneity
2009 (English)In: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - Biomembranes, Vol. 1788, no 1, 234-244 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The pulsed field gradient (pfg)-NMR method for measurements of translational diffusion of molecules in macroscopically aligned lipid bilayers is described. This technique is proposed to have an appreciable potential for investigations in the field of lipid and membrane biology. Transport of molecules in the plane of the bilayer can be successfully studied, as well as lateral phase separation of lipids and their dynamics within the bilayer organizations. Lateral diffusion coefficients depend on lipid packing and acyl chain ordering and investigations of order parameters of perdeuterated acyl chains, using 2H NMR quadrupole splittings, are useful complements. In this review we summarize some of our recent achievements obtained on lipid membranes. In particular, bilayers exhibiting two-phase coexistence of liquid disordered (ld) and liquid ordered (lo) phases are considered in detail. Methods for obtaining good oriented lipid bilayers, necessary for the pfg-NMR method to be efficiently used, are also briefly described. Among our major results, besides determinations of ld and lo phases, belongs the finding that the lateral diffusion is the same for all components, independent of the molecular structure (including cholesterol (CHOL)), if they reside in the same domain or phase in the membrane. Furthermore, quite unexpectedly CHOL seems to partition into the ld and lo phases to roughly the same extent, indicating that CHOL has no strong preference for any of these phases, i. e. CHOL seems to have similar interactions with all of the lipids. We propose that the lateral phase separation in bilayers containing one high Tm and one low Tm lipid together with CHOL is driven by the increasing difficulty of incorporating an unsaturated or prenyl lipid into the highly ordered bilayer formed by a saturated lipid and CHOL, i.e. the phase transition is entropy driven to keep the disorder of the hydrocarbon chains of the unsaturated lipid.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2009. Vol. 1788, no 1, 234-244 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-10439DOI: doi:10.1016/j.bbamem.2008.08.016OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-10439DiVA: diva2:150110