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Characterization of fiber-laser-based sub-Doppler NICE-OHMS for quantitative trace gas detection
Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Physics.
Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Physics.
Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Physics.
2008 (English)In: Optics Express, Vol. 16, no 19, 14689-14702 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The potential of fiber-laser-based sub-Doppler noise-immune cavity-enhanced optical heterodyne molecular spectrometry for trace gas detection is scrutinized. The non-linear dependence of the on-resonance sub-Doppler dispersion signal on the intracavity pressure and power is investigated and the optimum conditions with respect to these are determined. The linearity of the signal strength with concentration is demonstrated and the dynamic range of the technique is discussed. Measurements were performed on C2H2 at 1531 nm up to degrees of saturation of 100. The minimum detectable sub-Doppler optical phase shift was 5 x 10-11 cm-1 Hz-1/2, corresponding to a partial pressure of C2H2 of 1 x 10-12 atm for an intracavity pressure of 20 mTorr, and a concentration of 10 ppb at 400 mTorr.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. Vol. 16, no 19, 14689-14702 p.
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-10592DOI: doi:10.1364/OE.16.014689OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-10592DiVA: diva2:150263
Available from: 2008-10-05 Created: 2008-10-05Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Fiber-laser-based noise-immune cavity-enhanced optical heterodyne molecular spectrometry
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Fiber-laser-based noise-immune cavity-enhanced optical heterodyne molecular spectrometry
2009 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Noise-immune cavity-enhanced optical heterodyne molecular spectro-metry (NICE-OHMS) is one of the most sensitive laser-based absorption techniques. The high sensitivity of NICE-OHMS is obtained by a unique combination of cavity enhancement (for increased interaction length with a sample) with frequency modulation spectrometry (for reduction of noise). Moreover, sub-Doppler detection is possible due to the presence of high intensity counter-propagating waves inside an external resonator, which provides an excellent spectral selectivity. The high sensitivity and selectivity make NICE-OHMS particularly suitable for trace gas detection. Despite this, the technique has so far not been often used for practical applications due to its technical complexity, originating primarily from the requirement of an active stabilization of the laser frequency to a cavity mode.

The main aim of the work presented in this thesis has been to develop a simpler and more robust NICE-OHMS instrumentation without compro-mising the high sensitivity and selectivity of the technique. A compact NICE-OHMS setup based on a fiber laser and a fiber-coupled electro-optic modulator has been constructed. The main advantage of the fiber laser is its narrow free-running linewidth, which significantly simplifies the frequency stabilization procedure. It has been demonstrated, using acetylene and carbon dioxide as pilot species, that the system is capable of detecting relative absorption down to 3 × 10-9 on a Doppler-broadened transition, and sub-Doppler optical phase shift down to 1.6 × 10-10, the latter corresponding to a detection limit of 1 × 10-12 atm of C2H2. Moreover, the potential of dual frequency modulation dispersion spectrometry (DFM-DS), an integral part of NICE-OHMS, for concentration measurements has been assessed.

This thesis contributes also to the theoretical description of Doppler-broadened and sub-Doppler NICE-OHMS signals, as well as DFM-DS signals. It has been shown that the concentration of an analyte can be deduced from a Doppler-broadened NICE-OHMS signal detected at an arbitrary and unknown detection phase, provided that a fit of the theoretical lineshape to the experimental data is performed. The influence of optical saturation on Doppler-broadened NICE-OHMS signals has been described theoretically and demonstrated experimentally. In particular, it has been shown that the Doppler-broadened dispersion signal is unaffected by optical saturation in the Doppler limit. An expression for the sub-Doppler optical phase shift, valid for high degrees of saturation, has been derived and verified experimentally up to degrees of saturation of 100.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Umeå University, 2009. 145 p.
Keyword
absorption spectrometry, frequency modulation, cavity enhancement, NICE-OHMS, Laser frequency stabilization, fiber laser, Fabry-Perot cavities, sub-Doppler spectroscopy, trace gas detection
National Category
Physical Sciences Atom and Molecular Physics and Optics
Research subject
Physics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-22269 (URN)978-91-7264-740-4 (ISBN)
Distributor:
Institutionen för fysik, 90187, Umeå
Public defence
2009-05-29, N430, Naturverarhuset Umeå universitet, Umeå, 09:15 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2009-05-08 Created: 2009-05-04 Last updated: 2013-01-31Bibliographically approved

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Publisher's full texthttp://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-16-19-14689

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Foltynowicz, AleksandraMa, WeiguangAxner, Ove

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