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Formation of dioxins from combustion micropollutants over MSWI fly ash.
Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Chemistry.
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2006 (English)In: Environmental Science and Technology, ISSN 0013-936X, Vol. 40, no 4, 1263-9 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Formation of polychlorinated dibenzofurans and dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDD/Fs) from a model mixture of products of incomplete combustion (PICs) representative of municipal solid waste incineration (MSWI) flue gases, over a fixed bed of MSWI fly ash has been investigated. For comparison, a single model compound (chlorobenzene) was also briefly studied. A newly developed lab-scale system enabled the application of (very) low and stable concentrations of organic substances--of 10(-6) M or less-to approach realistic conditions. Samples taken at several time intervals allowed the observation of changes in rates and patterns due to depletion of the carbon in fly ash. The model flue gas continuously produced PCDDs and PCDFs after the de novo reaction had ceased to occur. Dioxin output levels are comparable to those of "old" MSW incinerators. Replacing the PIC trace constituent phenol by its fully 13C-labeled analogue led to, e.g., PCDD with one labeled ring as prominent product, meaning that the formation is about first order in phenol, contrary to earlier assumptions. The meaning of the results for the formation of dioxins in the MSWI boiler is discussed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. Vol. 40, no 4, 1263-9 p.
Keyword [en]
Air Pollutants/*analysis/chemistry, Benzofurans/*analysis/chemistry, Carbon, Chlorobenzenes/chemistry, Heptanes/chemistry, Incineration, Particulate Matter, Phenol/chemistry, Tetrachlorodibenzodioxin/*analogs & derivatives/analysis/chemistry
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-11113PubMedID: 16572785OAI: diva2:150784
Available from: 2007-03-06 Created: 2007-03-06 Last updated: 2011-01-11Bibliographically approved

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Liljelind, PerMarklund, Stellan
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