Crosslinking, thermal properties and relaxation behaviour of polyisoprene under high-pressure
2008 (English)In: European Polymer Journal, ISSN 0014-3057, E-ISSN 1873-1945, Vol. 44, no 9, 2865-2873 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The transient hot-wire method has been used to measure the thermal conductivity k and heat capacity per unit volume rcp of untreated (virgin) and crosslinked cis-1,4-poly(isoprene) (PI) in the temperature range 160–513 K for pressures p up to 0.75 GPa. The results show that the crosslinking rate of the polymer chains becomes significant at 513 K on isobaric heating at 0.5 GPa changing PI into an elastomeric state within 4 h without the use of crosslinking agents. The crosslinked PI and untreated PI have about the same k = 0.145 Wm-1 K-1 and cp = 1.81 kJ kg-1 K-1 at 295 K and 20 MPa, but different relaxation behaviours. Two relaxation processes, corresponding to the segmental and normal modes, could be observed in both PI and crosslinked PI but these have a larger distribution of relaxation times and become arrested at higher temperatures (10 K) in the latter case. The arrest temperature for the segmental relaxation of untreated and crosslinked PI, for a relaxation time of 1 s, are described well by the empirical relations: T(p) = 209.4 (1 + 4.02 p)^0.31 and T(p) = 221.3 (1 + 2.33 p)^0.40 (p in GPa and T in K), respectively, which thus also reflects the pressure variations of the glass transition temperatures.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. Vol. 44, no 9, 2865-2873 p.
High-pressure, crosslinking, thermal conductivity, glass transition
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-11298DOI: 10.1016/j.eurpolymj.2008.07.010OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-11298DiVA: diva2:150969