Role of productivity and protozoan abundance for the occurrence of predation-resistant bacteria in aquatic systems.
2008 (English)In: Microbial Ecology, ISSN 0095-3628, Vol. 56, no 1, 18-28 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Top–down control of lower trophic levels, e.g., bacteria, has been suggested to increase along aquatic productivity gradients. The response by the bacterial community may be to become more predation resistant in highly productive environments. To test this hypothesis, samples were taken from 20 aquatic systems along a productivity gradient (dissolved organic carbon from 7 to 71 mg/L), during late summer. The results showed that the biomass of bacteria, phytoplankton, and ciliates increased along the gradient (r 2 = 0.532, 0.426, and 0.758, P < 0.01, respectively). However, the organisms did not increase equally, and the ratio of protozoan to bacterial biomass showed a 100-fold increase along the gradient. Ciliates dominated the protozoan biomass in the more nutrient-rich waters. The edibility of colony-forming bacteria was tested using a ciliate predator, Tetrahymena pyriformis. Bacterial edibility was found to decrease with increases in nutrient richness and ciliate biomass in the aquatic systems (r 2 = 0.358, P < 0.01; r 2 = 0.242, P < 0.05, respectively). Quantile regression analysis indicated that the selection pressures on edible bacteria were increasing along the productivity gradient. Thus, inedible forms of bacteria were selected for in the transition from oligotrophic to eutrophic conditions. Isolated bacteria were distributed among the α-, β-, and γ- Proteobacteria and the Actinobacteria and Firmicutes taxa. We conclude that bacterial predation resistance increases in nutrient-rich waters with high protozoan predation.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2008. Vol. 56, no 1, 18-28 p.
Animals, Bacteria/*classification/genetics/*growth & development/isolation & purification, Ciliophora/growth & development/physiology, DNA; Bacterial/analysis/isolation & purification, Ecosystem, Electrophoresis/methods, Fresh Water/chemistry/microbiology/parasitology, Genetic Variation, Molecular Sequence Data, Phylogeny, Predatory Behavior/*physiology, Protozoa/growth & development/*physiology, RNA; Ribosomal; 16S/genetics, Sequence Analysis; DNA, Sweden
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-11437DOI: doi:10.1007/s00248-007-9320-4PubMedID: 17874304OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-11437DiVA: diva2:151108