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Adsorption of Cu(II) to schwertmannite and goethite in presence of dissolved organic matter
Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Chemistry.
Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Chemistry.
Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Chemistry.
2006 (English)In: Water Research, ISSN 0043-1354, Vol. 40, no 5, 969-74 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Sorption processes involving secondary iron minerals may significantly contribute to immobilisation of metals in soils and surface waters. In the present work the effect of dissolved organic matter (DOM) from a concentrated bog-water on the adsorption of Cu(II) onto schwertmannite (Fe8O8(OH)6SO4) and goethite (alpha-FeOOH) has been studied. The acid/ base behaviour of DOM up to pH 6 was explained by assuming a diprotic acid with a density of carboxylate groups of 6.90 microeq (mg C)(-1). The resulting acidity constants, recalculated to zero ionic strength were pK(0)a1 = 3.61 and pK(0)a2 = 5.34. The uptake of DOM to schwertmannite and goethite was highest at low pH although adsorption was significant also under mildly alkaline conditions. Adsorption to the two minerals was similar although at high pH more DOM was adsorbed to schwertmannite than to goethite. DOM enhanced the adsorption of Cu(II) at moderately low pH in the goethite system but there was no effect of DOM in the case of schwertmannite. The presence of Cu(II) resulted in a decreased adsorption of DOM to goethite at weakly acidic pH and increased adsorption at high pH. In the case of schwertmannite, Cu(II) did not affect DOM uptake.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. Vol. 40, no 5, 969-74 p.
Keyword [en]
Adsorption, Copper/*chemistry, Hydrogen-Ion Concentration, Iron Compounds/*chemistry, Organic Chemicals/*chemistry, Waste Disposal; Fluid, Water/chemistry
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-11778DOI: doi:10.1016/j.watres.2006.01.006PubMedID: 16487563OAI: diva2:151449
Available from: 2008-06-04 Created: 2008-06-04 Last updated: 2011-01-11Bibliographically approved

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