Transformation of PAHs during ethanol-Fenton treatment of an aged gasworks' soil.
2006 (English)In: Chemosphere, ISSN 0045-6535, Vol. 65, no 8, 1288-94 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
PAH-contaminated soil from a former gasworks site was treated with Fenton's reagent in a number of lab-scale slurry reactors. The degradation result obtained by traditional Fenton oxidation and Fenton oxidation preceded by ethanol treatment were compared. The ethanol pre-treatment enhanced the depletion of all PAHs in the soil by facilitating their desorption from the soil matrix. However, some PAHs, especially anthracene, benzo[a]pyrene and perylene, were more extensively depleted than other PAHs with fewer or equal numbers of fused rings, indicating that the hydroxyl radicals react faster with these PAHs than with other kinds. The ethanol present in the slurry also appeared to influence the relative reactivity of the PAHs. Furthermore, the enhanced oxidation that occurred in the ethanol pre-treated soil resulted in the accumulation of oxidation products. For example, 1-indanone, anthracene-9,10-dione, 1-methylanthracenedione, 2-methylanthracenedione, 1,8-naphthalic anhydride, benz[a]anthracene-7,12-dione and two compounds tentatively identified as hydroxy-9-fluorenones were found at higher concentrations after the treatment than before it. The accumulation was most evident for the quinones, and in many cases it could be attributed to extensive oxidation of their parent PAHs, although the total oxidation efficiency in this study was relatively poor.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. Vol. 65, no 8, 1288-94 p.
Ethanol/*chemistry, Fossil Fuels, Hydrogen Peroxide/*chemistry, Iron/*chemistry, Polycyclic Hydrocarbons; Aromatic/*chemistry, Soil Pollutants/*chemistry, Time Factors
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-11783PubMedID: 16735053OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-11783DiVA: diva2:151454