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Flexibilitet eller friktion?: om inflytande över arbetstiden och konflikten mellan arbete och familj
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Sociology.
2004 (Swedish)In: Sociologisk forskning, ISSN 0038-0342, Vol. 1, no 1, 35-54 p.Article in journal (Other academic) Published
Abstract [sv]

En ökad flexibilitet, där den anställde kan variera arbetstiden efter sina egna behov, framställs ofta som något som kan minska friktionen mellan familj och lönearbete. Flexibla tider kan ge möjlighet att lämna senare på dagis, sitta kvar på jobbet när ens partner hämtar barnen eller jobba hemma när barnen somnat. Men flexibla arbetstider är inte något självklart positivt. Om kraven från familj och arbete är höga, skulle flexibiliteten kunna upplevas som stressande, eftersom individen själv tvingas dra gränser mellan hem och arbete och motivera besluten inför sig själv och andra. De positiva effekterna kan också motverkas av att arbetstiden måste varieras utifrån verksamhetens behov - en typ av flexibilitet som tycks bli allt vanligare.

Syftet med denna artikel är att undersöka hur flexibilitet i arbetstiden påverkar konflikten mellan arbetet och livet i övrigt. Datamaterialet består av 1.836 enkätsvar från ett riksrepresentativt urval anställda i tre svenska branscher - verkstadsindustrin, finansbranschen och vård och omsorg.

Abstract [en]

Flexible working time, understood as the possibility for employees to adjust the working schedule to their own needs, is portrayed as a way to reduce friction between paid work and family. However, flexibility could also be a source of stress, as the responsibility to synchronize the two spheres is left to the individual. In either case, flexibility might have important effects on gender equality. The aim of this article is to explore the effect of flexible working time on work/family conflict as well as on other aspects of life outside the workplace. Data come from a sample of 'Swedish employees in healthcare, manufacturing and finance (n = 1836). The results show that flexible working hours has positive effects on the ability to meet friends and relatives and to engage in hobbies, but does not reduce work/family conflict. However the degree of flexibility is also important: a high degree of flexibility increases work/family conflict, as this flexibility comes with a higher position and presumes an adjustment of working time to the needs of the organisation. In sum, the beneficial effects of flexible working hours could be called into question as long as flexibility is conditioned on high demands from the organisation.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Örebro: Sociologisk forskning, Högskolan i Örebro , 2004. Vol. 1, no 1, 35-54 p.
Keyword [en]
Flexible working time, gender, work/family conflict
National Category
Sociology (excluding Social Work, Social Psychology and Social Anthropology)
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-11795ISI: 000220618800006OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-11795DiVA: diva2:151466
Note

Title in english:

Flexibility or friction? The effect of flexible working time on work/family conflict.

Available from: 2007-06-15 Created: 2007-06-15 Last updated: 2017-12-14Bibliographically approved

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