Domain-formation in DOPC/SM bilayers studied by pfg-NMR: Effect of sterol structure
2006 (English)In: Biophys Journal, ISSN 0006-3495, Vol. 91, no 7, 2501-7 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Pulsed field gradient (pfg)-NMR spectroscopy was utilized to determine lipid lateral diffusion coefficients in oriented bilayers composed of 25 mol % sterol and equimolar amounts of dioleoylphosphatidylcholine and sphingomyelin. The occurrence of two lipid diffusion coefficients in a bilayer was used as evidence of lateral phase separation into liquid ordered and liquid disordered domains. It was found that cholesterol, ergosterol, sitosterol, and lathosterol induced domains, whereas lanosterol, stigmasterol, and stigmastanol resided in homogeneous membranes in the temperature interval of 24-70 degrees C. Among the domain-forming sterols, differences in the upper miscibility temperature indicated that the stability of the liquid ordered phase could be modified by small changes in the sterol structure. The domain-forming capacity for the different sterols is discussed in terms of the ordering effect of the sterols on the lipids, and it is proposed that the driving force for the lateral phase separation is the reduced solubility of the unsaturated lipid in the highly ordered phase.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. Vol. 91, no 7, 2501-7 p.
Lipid Bilayers/*chemistry, Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy, Membrane Microdomains/chemistry, Phase Transition, Phosphatidylcholines/*chemistry, Sphingomyelins/*chemistry, Sterols/*chemistry, Temperature
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-12238PubMedID: 16829566OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-12238DiVA: diva2:151909