Glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor is essential for neuronal survival in the locus coeruleus-hippocampal noradrenergic pathway.
2004 (English)In: Neuroscience, ISSN 0306-4522, Vol. 124, no 1, 137-46 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
It has been shown that the noradrenergic (NE) locus coeruleus (LC)-hippocampal pathway plays an important role in learning and memory processing, and that the development of this transmitter pathway is influenced by neurotrophic factors. Although some of these factors have been discovered, the regulatory mechanisms for this developmental event have not been fully elucidated. Glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF) is a potent neurotrophic factor influencing LC-NE neurons. We have utilized a GDNF knockout animal model to explore its function on the LC-NE transmitter system during development, particularly with respect to target innervation. By transplanting various combinations of brainstem (including LC) and hippocampal tissues from wildtype or GDNF knockout fetuses into the brains of adult wildtype mice, we demonstrate that normal postnatal development of brainstem LC-NE neurons is disrupted as a result of the GDNF null mutation. Tyrosine hydroxylase immunohistochemistry revealed that brainstem grafts had markedly reduced number and size of LC neurons in transplants from knockout fetuses. NE fiber innervation into the hippocampal co-transplant from an adjacent brainstem graft was also influenced by the presence of GDNF, with a significantly more robust innervation observed in transplants from wildtype fetuses. The most successful LC/hippocampal co-grafts were generated from fetuses expressing the wildtype GDNF background, whereas the most severely affected transplants were derived from double transplants from null-mutated fetuses. Our data suggest that development of the NE LC-hippocampal pathway is dependent on the presence of GDNF, most likely through a target-derived neurotrophic function.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2004. Vol. 124, no 1, 137-46 p.
Animals, Brain Tissue Transplantation, Cell Survival/physiology, Female, Fetal Tissue Transplantation, Gene Expression Regulation; Developmental, Glial Cell Line-Derived Neurotrophic Factor, Hippocampus/*cytology/*embryology/transplantation, Locus Coeruleus/*cytology/*embryology/transplantation, Male, Mice, Mice; Knockout, Nerve Growth Factors/*genetics/metabolism, Neural Pathways, Neurons/cytology/physiology, Norepinephrine/physiology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-12260DOI: doi:10.1016/j.neuroscience.2003.11.001PubMedID: 14960346OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-12260DiVA: diva2:151931