Change search
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Selective sex differences in declarative memory.
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Integrative Medical Biology, Physiology.
Show others and affiliations
2004 (English)In: Mem Cognit, ISSN 0090-502X, Vol. 32, no 7, 1160-9 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Sex invariance of a six-factor, higher order model of declarative memory (two second-order factors: episodic and semantic memory; and four first-order factors: recall, recognition, fluency, and knowledge) was established for 1,796 participants (35-85 years). Metric invariance of first- and second-order factor loadings across sex was demonstrated. At the second-order level, a female advantage was observed for both episodic and semantic memory. At the first-order level, sex differences in episodic memory were apparent for both recall and recognition, whereas the differences in semantic memory were driven by a female superiority in fluency. Additional tests of sex differences in three age groups (35-50, 55-65, and 70-85 years of age) indicated that the female superiority in declarative memory diminished with advancing age. The factor-specific sex differences are discussed in relation to sex differences in hippocampal function.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2004. Vol. 32, no 7, 1160-9 p.
Keyword [en]
Adult, Aged, Aged; 80 and over, Aging/*psychology, Attention, Color Perception, Discrimination Learning, Face, Female, Humans, Male, Memory; Short-Term, Mental Recall, Middle Aged, Pattern Recognition; Visual, Psychomotor Performance, Reading, Semantics, Sex Characteristics, Sex Factors, Speech Perception, Verbal Learning
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-12450PubMedID: 15813497OAI: diva2:152121
Available from: 2008-01-11 Created: 2008-01-11 Last updated: 2011-01-12Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

Other links


Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Nyberg, Lars
By organisation

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

Altmetric score

Total: 40 hits
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link