Levels of chlorinated compounds (CPs, PCPPs, PCDEs, PCDFs and PCDDs) in soils at contaminated sawmill sites in Sweden.
2007 (English)In: Chemosphere, ISSN 0045-6535, Vol. 66, no 2, 234-42 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Soil samples from five contaminated sawmill sites in Sweden were characterized with respect to chlorophenols (CP), chlorinated phenoxy phenols (PCPP, hydroxylated chlorinated diphenyl ethers), chlorinated diphenyl ethers (PCDE), chlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDF) and chlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDD). The composition of chlorinated compounds in the soil samples was compared to the composition of two preservatives commonly used in the Scandinavian wood impregnation industry: the 2,3,4,6-tetrachlorophenol preservative called Ky-5 and the pentachlorophenol preservative Dowicide G. The levels of CPs in the soil samples ranged from 0.1 to 4500 mg kg−1 d.w., PCPPs from <0.15 to 940 mg kg−1 d.w., PCDEs from <38 to 6800 μg kg−1 d.w., PCDFs from 7.4 to 18 000 μg kg−1 d.w. and PCDDs from 9.9 to 35 000 μg kg−1 d.w. The resulting WHO-TEQ of PCDD/Fs in the soil samples ranged from 0.14 to 3000 μg kg−1 d.w. Despite a wide range of concentrations the congener compositions were similar within tetrachlorophenate and pentachlorophenate contaminated soils respectively. The contamination at each sawmill site may be linked to the use of either a tetrachlorphenol preservative, e.g. Ky-5, or a pentachlorophenol preservative, e.g. Dowicide G. Best-fit calculations were used to compare the chlorinated phenol contents of the preservatives to those of the soil samples. This revealed a positive correlation between the hydrophobicity (log Kow) of contaminants and the ratio of their levels in soil to preservatives. The relative abundance of the chlorinated compounds varied greatly between the five sites studied, suggesting that their transport parameters differ substantially.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2007. Vol. 66, no 2, 234-42 p.
Benzofurans/analysis, Chlorophenols/analysis, Ethers/analysis, Hydrocarbons; Chlorinated/*analysis, Polychlorinated Biphenyls/analysis, Polymers/analysis, Soil/*analysis, Soil Pollutants/*analysis, Sweden, Tetrachlorodibenzodioxin/analogs & derivatives/analysis, Wood
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-12584DOI: doi:10.1016/j.chemosphere.2006.05.052PubMedID: 16860850OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-12584DiVA: diva2:152255